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Global and Regional Foreign Direct Investment Trends

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  • UNCTAD

    () (UNCTAD)

Abstract

Global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows decreased in 2009, impacting all countries and FDI components. Global inflows of FDI fell by 39%, from US$1.7 trillion in 2008 to just over US$1.0 trillion in 2009. This decline was widespread across all major economic groups. After experiencing a severe fall in 2008, FDI flows to developed countries continued their dramatic decline in 2009 (by a further 41%). Those to developing and transition economies, which had risen in 2008, also declined in 2009 (by 35% and 39%, respectively), as the global financial and economic crisis continued to unfold. All components of FDI ¨C equity capital, reinvested earnings, and other capital flows (mainly intra-company loans) ¨C were affected. However, the decrease was especially marked for equity capital flows, which are most directly related to transnational corporations' (TNCs) longer-term investments strategies. Regarding the mode of entry, cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) were the most affected, with a 66% decrease in 2009 compared to 2008. The number of international greenfield projects also declined markedly, though to a much lesser degree (-23%).

Suggested Citation

  • Unctad, 2010. "Global and Regional Foreign Direct Investment Trends," Transnational Corporations Review, Ottawa United Learning Academy, vol. 2(1), pages 1-8, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:oul:tncr09:v:2:y:2010:i:1:p:1-8
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