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Global and Regional Foreign Direct Investment Trends



    () (UNCTAD)


Global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows decreased in 2009, impacting all countries and FDI components. Global inflows of FDI fell by 39%, from US$1.7 trillion in 2008 to just over US$1.0 trillion in 2009. This decline was widespread across all major economic groups. After experiencing a severe fall in 2008, FDI flows to developed countries continued their dramatic decline in 2009 (by a further 41%). Those to developing and transition economies, which had risen in 2008, also declined in 2009 (by 35% and 39%, respectively), as the global financial and economic crisis continued to unfold. All components of FDI ¨C equity capital, reinvested earnings, and other capital flows (mainly intra-company loans) ¨C were affected. However, the decrease was especially marked for equity capital flows, which are most directly related to transnational corporations' (TNCs) longer-term investments strategies. Regarding the mode of entry, cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) were the most affected, with a 66% decrease in 2009 compared to 2008. The number of international greenfield projects also declined markedly, though to a much lesser degree (-23%).

Suggested Citation

  • Unctad, 2010. "Global and Regional Foreign Direct Investment Trends," Transnational Corporations Review, Ottawa United Learning Academy, vol. 2(1), pages 1-8, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:oul:tncr09:v:2:y:2010:i:1:p:1-8

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