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10 Years of EU Membership: The OeNB in a Changing Environment




This study discusses the integration developments which have had an institutional, legal and functional effect on the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) since Austria joined the European Union. The first stage of Austria's EU membership (1995 to 1998) brought about three major challenges for the OeNB: integration into European bodies and forums, achievement of economic and legal convergence and preparation for monetary union. Once Stage Three of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) began on January 1, 1999, the OeNB became a member of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and the Eurosystem, which went hand in hand with fundamental changes in the structure of the OeNB's tasks in almost all business areas. The introduction of euro banknotes and coins on January 1, 2002, an undertaking requiring an effective communication policy coupled with sophisticated cash logistics, posed a formidable challenge. The OeNB has succeeded in maintaining its role as a think tank and decision-making body for economic policy in Austria, and in making a contribution to stability and peace in the enlarged EU within the framework of European institutions and the Eurosystem.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandra Dvorsky & Isabella Lindner, 2005. "10 Years of EU Membership: The OeNB in a Changing Environment," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 42-52.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2005:i:2:b:3

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    Central Bank; EU Membership; Austria; Institutions;


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