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Les moteurs de la croissance dans les pays de l'OCDE : Analyse empirique sur des données de panel

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  • Andrea Bassanini
  • Stefano Scarpetta

Abstract

Ce document analyse les liens entre la croissance économique et les politiques et les institutions dans les pays de l’OCDE sur la base de régressions en coupe transversale et en séries temporelles. Une approche économétrique nouvelle permet aux paramètres de court terme et à la vitesse de convergence de varier d’un pays à l’autre, en accord avec la plupart des models théoriques, alors que seuls les paramètres de long terme sont contraints à être communs. Au-delà du rôle « primaire » joué par l’accumulation du capital physique et humain, les résultats confirment l’importance pour la croissance de l’activité de R-D, du cadre macroéconomique, ainsi que de l’ouverture aux échanges et du développement des marchés financiers. Les résultats confirment que les variables de politique économique influencent la croissance économique non seulement par le biais d’une allocation efficiente des facteurs de production, mais aussi indirectement par l’accumulation du capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Bassanini & Stefano Scarpetta, 2003. "Les moteurs de la croissance dans les pays de l'OCDE : Analyse empirique sur des données de panel," Revue économique de l'OCDE, Éditions OCDE, vol. 2001(2), pages 7-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecokab:5lmqcr2k29tk
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eco_studies-v2001-art10-fr
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    Cited by:

    1. Azomahou, Théophile T. & Diene, Bity & Diene, Mbaye, 2013. "Nonlinearities in productivity growth: A semi-parametric panel analysis," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 45-75.
    2. Azomahou, Theophile & Diene, Bity & Diene, Mbaye, 2012. "Nonlinearities in productivity growth: A semi-parametric panel analysis," MERIT Working Papers 046, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    3. Nzingoula, Gildas crépin, 2015. "Les déterminants de la croissance économique en zone cemac: Une approche en données de panel
      [The seterminants of economic growth in cemac: a panel data approach]
      ," MPRA Paper 67009, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Azomahou, Theophile & Diene, Bity & Diene, Mbaye, 2009. "Technology frontier, labor productivity and economic growth: Evidence from OECD countries," MERIT Working Papers 059, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    5. Théophile T. Azomahou & Bity Diene & Mbaye Diene, 2009. "Technology frontier, labor productivity and economic growth: Evidence from OECD countries," CREA Discussion Paper Series 09-19, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.

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