IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Bank funding – the change in composition and pricing



Historically the Official Cash Rate (OCR) has been a good proxy for the cost of funding for banks. However, the global financial crisis of 2007-2009 and regulatory changes have had a significant impact on this relationship. The move towards banks seeking more stable sources of funding like retail deposits and long-term wholesale debt has changed the composition of funding. The price of these more stable sources of funding has also increased, driven by competition for funds and deterioration in funding market conditions. Thus, the cost of funding for banks has increased significantly relative to the OCR. We illustrate this by calculating a notional marginal funding cost indicator. These higher funding costs have been directly passed on to higher mortgage rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Jason Wong, 2012. "Bank funding – the change in composition and pricing," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, vol. 75, pages 15-24, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:nzb:nzbbul:jun2012:2

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Madaschi, Christophe & Nuevo, Irene Pablos, 2017. "The profitability of banks in a context of negative monetary policy rates: the cases of Sweden and Denmark," Occasional Paper Series 195, European Central Bank.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nzb:nzbbul:jun2012:2. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Reserve Bank of New Zealand Knowledge Centre). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.