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Social and Solidarity Economy in Bulgaria and Romania: Challenges and Opportunities


  • Tsvetelina Marinova

    (New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria, Associate Researcher LEFMI University of Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, France)


In the Balkans, the modern development of the social and solidarity economy has resulted primarily from the economic and social challenges faced by the countries during the transition, the low efficiency of national institutions and social policies and the limited redistributive capacity of the state, as well as their geopolitical and economic orientation to the European Union and the transfer of ideas and institutions from the developed European countries. The study covers two Balkan countries (Bulgaria, Romania). It presents the concepts and policies in the sector and discusses the main challenges it faces, as well as the opportunities for its future development.

Suggested Citation

  • Tsvetelina Marinova, 2022. "Social and Solidarity Economy in Bulgaria and Romania: Challenges and Opportunities," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 2, pages 201-211, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2022:i:2:p:201-211

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    More about this item


    social and solidarity economy; social enterprises; cooperatives; Bulgaria; Romania; Europe;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • P13 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Capitalist Economies - - - Cooperative Enterprises
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe


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