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Vocational Education and Training in Bulgaria – Tendencies and Challenges in the Context of Labour Market Dynamics


  • Adriana Hristova

    (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria)


Contemporary development of vocational education and training in our country has to do with its positive impact on people’s employment and economic activity and is accompanied by a number of challenges for continuous improvement at various aspects. The main purpose of the following study is analyzing the development of vocational education and training in the context of employment dynamics and economic activity in Bulgaria by outlining a number of challenges and fields for future improvement. In order to achieve the set goal, a series of research tasks have been accomplished, grouped into three main directions: a) development of vocational education and training in Bulgaria; b) benefits of vocational education and training in the context of employment and economic activity; c) challenges concerning vocational education and training and a necessity for changes. The results of the research show that vocational education gives a number of advantages on labour market, which have to do with opportunities for higher employment and economic activity, as well as with access to higher levels of payment.

Suggested Citation

  • Adriana Hristova, 2021. "Vocational Education and Training in Bulgaria – Tendencies and Challenges in the Context of Labour Market Dynamics," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 4, pages 13-42, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2021:i:4:p:13-42

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    More about this item


    vocational education and training; employment; economic activity; labour market; vocational knowledge and skills; continuous vocational training; institutional frame;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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