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The International Conflicts and the Use of “Hybrid Approaches“ in Early XXI Century


  • Stoyan Stoyanov

    (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


Over the last decade, the concepts for domination in international conflicts increasingly involve the use of methods and instruments described as “hybrid“ actions. Mainly, these approaches attempt to exercise effective impacts and influences by boosting uncertainties and blocking counter actions, including by paralyzing the target’s decision-making process. Furthermore, substantial is the role of intelligence and security services in guiding and implementing such “hybrid“ activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Stoyan Stoyanov, 2021. "The International Conflicts and the Use of “Hybrid Approaches“ in Early XXI Century," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 2, pages 101-116, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2021:i:2:p:101-116

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    More about this item


    conflict; security; intelligence; hybrid approach;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy


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