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Diferenciação regional da indústria brasileira: agrupamento e ordenação a partir de um novo índice [Regional differentiation of Brazilian industry: grouping and ordering based on a new index]


  • João Saboia


  • Lucia Kubrusly


  • Amir Coelho Barros



This article proposes a new indicator based on principal component analysis to study the level of development of Brazilian industry. Its utilization on regional data shows high disequilibrium among different regions. Results are much more favorable in the South and Southeast than in the rest of the country. This is true when comparing the 27 states as well as the 137 mesoregions. A high degree of heterogeneity in the interior of the most developed states was also identified. There are a few cases of success in the North, Northeast end Center-West regions; in some cases, these are metropolitan regions surrounding the state capitals; in others they are related to specific local policies to attract new investments. In the second part of the paper cluster analysis is used to show the similarities among the regions. The state of São Paulo and its metropolitan region are two outliers showing the best results in the country. Various groups with different level of development are formed. The comparison between the results encountered in both analysis (cluster and principal components) shows a strong association. As expected, regions with similar values for the indicator tend to belong to the same group.

Suggested Citation

  • João Saboia & Lucia Kubrusly & Amir Coelho Barros, 2008. "Diferenciação regional da indústria brasileira: agrupamento e ordenação a partir de um novo índice [Regional differentiation of Brazilian industry: grouping and ordering based on a new index]," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 18(3), pages 383-427, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:18:y:2008:i:3:p:383-427

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1986. "Rational and Self-fulfilling Balance-of-Payments Crises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 72-81, March.
    2. Carmen M. Reinhart & Graciela L. Kaminsky, 1999. "The Twin Crises: The Causes of Banking and Balance-of-Payments Problems," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 473-500, June.
    3. Krugman, Paul, 1979. "A Model of Balance-of-Payments Crises," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(3), pages 311-325, August.
    4. Gabriel Palma, 2000. "The Magical Realism of Brazilian Economics: How to Create a Financial Crisis by Trying to Avoid One," SCEPA working paper series. SCEPA's main areas of research are macroeconomic policy, inequality and poverty, and globalization. 2000-16, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School.
    5. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    6. Flood, Robert P. & Garber, Peter M., 1984. "Collapsing exchange-rate regimes : Some linear examples," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1-2), pages 1-13, August.
    7. Maurice Obstfeld, 1994. "The Logic of Currency Crises," NBER Working Papers 4640, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Brazilian industry; regional industry; economic indicators;

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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