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Impactos da Área de Livre Comércio das Américas (Alca), com gradual desgravação tarifária, na economia brasileira [Impacts of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), with gradual tariff reduction, on the Brazilian economy]


  • Edson Zambon MonteI


  • Erly Cardoso Teixeira



Commercial barriers protect economies from international competition; however they distort the commercial relationship between them, and reduce the benefits that could result from free trade. The objective of this paper is to determine the impacts that the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), with its progressive tariff reduction, would have on the Brazilian economy. The Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), general equilibrium model, is used as a methodological instrument. Few agribusiness sectors would be competitive under the FTAA. The manufacturing sector would not be competitive under any of the scenarios. Industries like forestry, textiles and footwear would undergo a significant increase in production and exports. Brazilian Economic growth and welfare indicators are favorable to Brazil in all scenarios, even through growth was modest.

Suggested Citation

  • Edson Zambon MonteI & Erly Cardoso Teixeira, 2007. "Impactos da Área de Livre Comércio das Américas (Alca), com gradual desgravação tarifária, na economia brasileira [Impacts of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), with gradual tariff reduction,," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 17(1), pages 37-63, January-A.
  • Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:17:y:2007:i:1:p:37-63

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    FTAA; tariff reduction; Brazil; GTAP;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade


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