IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/nov/artigo/v16y2006i2p265-299.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Pobreza e indigência no Brasil: algumas evidências empíricas com base na PNAD 2004 [Poverty and indigence in Brazil: empirical evidence based on the 2004 PNAD]

Author

Listed:
  • Sonia Rocha

Abstract

This article presents income-based indicators using the data from the 2004 Brazilian National Household Survey regarding poverty and indigence in 2004. It refers to spatial characteristics of poverty, as well as its relation with the functioning of the labor market and the way family income is formed. The relatively sharp reduction in poverty and indigence from 2003 to 2004, the best result obtained since the Real Plan was implemented, constitutes the background for the analysis, although the impact of this reduction is spatially differentiated, more favorable in rural areas and less so in the São Paulo metropolitan area. The increase in family income is mainly due to the vigorous expansion of occupation, as the average labor income remained unchanged. Nevertheless, poor individuals benefited from the reduction in the returns to schooling, from the real increase in the minimum wage and from the wider scope of the social security net, which resulted in a more vigorous income increase at the base of distribution, thus leading to a reduction in inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Sonia Rocha, 2006. "Pobreza e indigência no Brasil: algumas evidências empíricas com base na PNAD 2004 [Poverty and indigence in Brazil: empirical evidence based on the 2004 PNAD]," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 16(2), pages 265-299, May-Augus.
  • Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:16:y:2006:i:2:p:265-299
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.face.ufmg.br/novaeconomia/sumarios/v16n1/160203.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_pdf&pid=S0103-63512006000200003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty; income; labor market;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:16:y:2006:i:2:p:265-299. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bárbara Freitas Paglioto). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/fufmgbr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.