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Alexandre Lamfalussy et les tentatives de la BRI pour éviter un endettement excessif en Amérique latine dans les années 1970

Listed author(s):
  • Maes, Ivo
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    La crise de la dette en Amérique latine, qui éclate en août 1982, est la première crise financière mondiale de l’après-guerre. La BRI joue un rôle important dans la gestion de celle-ci. Le présent article étudie les efforts consentis par cette institution durant la seconde moitié des années 1970 pour limiter l’accumulation de la dette. Il montre qu’Alexandre Lamfalussy joue un rôle crucial à cet égard. En outre, les discussions sur la hausse des niveaux d’endettement déterminent la façon dont la BRI aborde la stabilité financière, centrée sur les aspects macroprudentiels. Dans le présent article, nous analyserons d’abord les origines de la sensibilité de Lamfalussy à la fragilité financière, pour traiter ensuite de la BRI et de son rôle, qui évolue au cours des années 1970. Nous nous pencherons alors sur la crise de la dette en Amérique latine, en étudiant comment s’accumule la dette, et aborderons enfin différentes initiatives destinées à limiter les prêts.

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    Article provided by Editions NecPlus in its journal Histoire, économie & société.

    Volume (Year): 2011 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 04 (March)
    Pages: 59-77

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    Handle: RePEc:nec:hecoso:v:2011:y:2012:i:04:p:59-77_00
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