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L’Iraq Petroleum Company, les États-Unis et la lutte pour le leadership pétrolier au Moyen-Orient de 1945 à 19731

  • Tristani, Philippe
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    Du lendemain de la Seconde Guerre mondiale au début des années soixante-dix, Washington développe une stratégie pétrolière globale pour conforter son leadership sur le marché pétrolier international. Dans cette perspective, le contrôle des marchés pétroliers européens est un objectif majeur. Il ne peut être atteint que par le contrôle de la principale zone de productionen dehors des États-Unis, le Moyen-Orient. Mais l’impérialisme pétrolier américain se heurte, en 1945, à l’Iraq Petroleum Company qui possède les droits d’exploration et d’exploitation sur la quasi-totalité de l’espace s’étendant de la Turquie à la péninsule Arabique. L’Iraq Petroleum Company devient ainsi « l’ennemi à abattre » pour les Américains avant que ceux-ci ne lui assignent le rôle, à son corps défendant, de poste avancé dans la défense des intérêts pétroliers et stratégiques des États-Unis au Moyen-Orient.

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    File URL: http://www.necplus.eu/abstract_S0752570210002064
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    Article provided by Editions NecPlus in its journal Histoire, économie & société.

    Volume (Year): 2010 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 02 (June)
    Pages: 81-107

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    Handle: RePEc:nec:hecoso:v:2010:y:2010:i:02:p:81-107_00
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