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La demanda de empleo en la industria manufacturera de México

Author

Listed:
  • Rafael Tavares Luna

    (Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, México)

  • Rogelio Varela Llamas

    (Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, México)

Abstract

El propósito del documento es analizar la demanda de empleo en la industria manufacturera de México, durante el periodo de 2007 a 2015, considerando 19 subsectores de la industria manufactura. Se analiza el efecto que tienen variables de desempeño económico como el producto interno bruto, así como los salarios. También se consideran como variables explicativas, la productividad laboral y las exportaciones de la manufactura. Con información de la Encuesta industrial Mensual del INEGI, se estiman distintos modelos con datos de panel y se selecciona el más idóneo con base a pruebas de especificación. Se encuentra que la elasticidad demanda-producto es la más relevante de todas. La elasticidad demanda – salarios es negativa, y sólo es significativa para explicar la demanda de trabajo especializado. La productividad laboral y las exportaciones son significativas y tienen un efecto negativo y positivo respectivamente, sobre la demanda de trabajo total, especializado y no especializado.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Tavares Luna & Rogelio Varela Llamas, 2019. "La demanda de empleo en la industria manufacturera de México," Contaduría y Administración, Accounting and Management, vol. 64(1), pages 17-18, Enero-Mar.
  • Handle: RePEc:nax:conyad:v:64:y:2019:i:1:p:17-18
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    Cited by:

    1. Pablo Mejía‐Reyes & Víctor Hugo Torres‐Preciado, 2020. "Determinants of Manufacturing Employment in the Mexican States, 2004–2017," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 303-318, April.

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