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A safe operating space for humanity


  • Johan Rockström

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Stockholm Environment Institute)

  • Will Steffen

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    ANU Climate Change Institute, Australian National University)

  • Kevin Noone

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Stockholm University)

  • Åsa Persson

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Stockholm Environment Institute)

  • F. Stuart Chapin

    (Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks)

  • Eric F. Lambin

    (Université Catholique de Louvainé)

  • Timothy M. Lenton

    (School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia)

  • Marten Scheffer

    (Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Wageningen University)

  • Carl Folke

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)

  • Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

    (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
    Environmental Change Institute and Tyndall Centre, Oxford University)

  • Björn Nykvist

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Stockholm Environment Institute)

  • Cynthia A. de Wit

    (Stockholm University)

  • Terry Hughes

    (ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University)

  • Sander van der Leeuw

    (School of Human Evolution & Social Change, Arizona State University)

  • Henning Rodhe

    (Stockholm University)

  • Sverker Sörlin

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Peter K. Snyder

    (Water, and Climate, University of Minnesota)

  • Robert Costanza

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont)

  • Uno Svedin

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University)

  • Malin Falkenmark

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Stockholm International Water Institute)

  • Louise Karlberg

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Stockholm Environment Institute)

  • Robert W. Corell

    (The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment)

  • Victoria J. Fabry

    (California State University San Marcos)

  • James Hansen

    (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies)

  • Brian Walker

    (Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Organization, Sustainable Ecosystems)

  • Diana Liverman

    (Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford
    Institute of the Environment, University of Arizona)

  • Katherine Richardson

    (The Faculty for Natural Sciences)

  • Paul Crutzen

    (Max Planck Institute for Chemistry)

  • Jonathan A. Foley

    (Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota)


Identifying and quantifying planetary boundaries that must not be transgressed could help prevent human activities from causing unacceptable environmental change, argue Johan Rockström and colleagues.

Suggested Citation

  • Johan Rockström & Will Steffen & Kevin Noone & Åsa Persson & F. Stuart Chapin & Eric F. Lambin & Timothy M. Lenton & Marten Scheffer & Carl Folke & Hans Joachim Schellnhuber & Björn Nykvist & Cynthia , 2009. "A safe operating space for humanity," Nature, Nature, vol. 461(7263), pages 472-475, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:nat:nature:v:461:y:2009:i:7263:d:10.1038_461472a
    DOI: 10.1038/461472a

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