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Women's Poverty and Entrepreneurship: Replicating Microloan Programs in the Developed World


  • Patricia E. Graham

    (University of North Colorado)

  • Linda M. Manning

    (University of Missouri-Rolla)


Microenterprise development is built on provision of small loans to the poor, especially women, to alleviate poverty, and is currently promoted as a poverty-alleviation tool in developed countries. We survey the literature on microloan programs in developing countries and identify two general models, the minimalist microcredit approach and the integrated microfinance model. This framework is used to review the microloan program experience in developed countries to gauge its fit into the models. We find that there are lessons to be learned from developing countries, but considerable economic research is required for replication of programs in developed countries, and effective evaluation.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricia E. Graham & Linda M. Manning, 2000. "Women's Poverty and Entrepreneurship: Replicating Microloan Programs in the Developed World," Journal of Economic Insight (formerly the Journal of Economics (MVEA)), Missouri Valley Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 23-33.
  • Handle: RePEc:mve:journl:v:26:y:2000:i:2:p:23-33

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development


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