Notes on regional convergence processes in Germany and Spain
The analysis presented in this paper highlights entities, the main characteristics and dynamics of regional gaps in Germany and Spain. In the case of Germany, the geographical distribution of weak regions reflects the existence of a well-known West-East gap. After a first phase of sustained convergence in several indicators (GDP per capita, consumption per capita, productivity), following the devastating shocks represented by the unification, since approximately 1996 a second phase has followed, in which the catching-up process has slowed significantly at the aggregate level, with some particularly critical elements: (i) unemployment in eastern Germany has been higher than in western Germany; (ii) wages and average labour productivity have been lower in the new Länder; (iii) migration flows from East to West has been persistent, in particular among young people. Not to mention the large flows of public resources allocated to the Eastern Länder. In the case of Spain two «neighborhoods» have been identified: one in the South (Andalucia and Extremadura) and one in the North-West (Galicia). Regional gaps (and the relative positions of each region) show a high degree of persistence even when considering a very broad time interval: the top positions in the ranking of regional income (Madrid, Catalonia and the Basque Country) and the bottom ones (Extremadura, Andalucia and Galicia) remain unchanged. The weak internal convergence does not seem, therefore, be an exclusively Italian problem. The persistence over time of regional gaps in terms of income per capita seems to characterize the recent economic history of many countries.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mul:jqyfkm:doi:10.1432/35218:y:2011:i:1-2:p:91-128. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.