Neovalore e plusvalore
According to Morishima's Fundamental Marxian Theorem, the profit rate is positive only if workers are exploited. However, J.E. Roemer showed that the exploitation of labour is equivalent to the exploitation of any other commodity. The profit rate is positive only if the quantity of any commodity directly and indirectly required for the production of a unit of the same commodity is lower than one. Thus labour seems to play the same analytical role as any other coefficient of production. However, Roemer changes some fundamental premises and definitions of the classical and Marxian theory of surplus. In particular, in his view, there is no difference between the technical conditions of production and the social conditions of reproduction. In this framework, labour is considered a commodity produced as any other input of the production. On the contrary, the Classical economists never identified the human activity of production with the result of this activity and, in particular, with the resulting means of production. Accordingly, they distinguished between the "net product" that remains after the material conditions of production are reintegrated and the "surplus" that remains after the social conditions of reproduction are reintegrated. Thus, in Marxian terminology, the "surplus value" is defined as a part of the "new value" that emerges in the productive process. This article shows that there are some substantial analytical differences between the coefficients of labour embodied in goods and the coefficients of commodity embodied as defined by Roemer. These differences acquire relevance when we consider Marx's conception of how the net product emerges and the way in which he defines "new value".
Volume (Year): (1997)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| |
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mul:jb33yl:doi:10.1428/1844:y:1997:i:2:p:209-234. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.