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L'impatto della presenza multinazionale sulla produttività delle imprese domestiche. Evidenza empirica su Italia, Francia e Spagna


  • Castellani Davide
  • Zanfei Antonello


This paper examines the impact of foreign presence on productivity in manufacturing industries in Europe, using a balanced panel of firm-level data on the manufacturing industry in France, Italy and Spain over the 1992-97 period. We integrate two different datasets, which allow to control for unobserved heterogeneity and to compare spillovers from multinational enterprises in different countries. We find positive and significant externalities on Italian firms and non-significant effects on Spanish and French firms. A generalisation of the results obtained for individual countries is attempted by introducing structural characteristics of national industries. In particular, the role of differences in technological profiles between foreign and domestic firms are examined. It is shown that high productivity gaps between foreign and domestic firms tend to favour positive effects of FDI, while absorptive capacity, measured by host country firms' average productivity levels, does not leverage productivity spillovers from FDI.

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  • Castellani Davide & Zanfei Antonello, 2002. "L'impatto della presenza multinazionale sulla produttività delle imprese domestiche. Evidenza empirica su Italia, Francia e Spagna," L'industria, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 4, pages 629-656.
  • Handle: RePEc:mul:j0hje1:doi:10.1430/8108:y:2002:i:4:p:629-656

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cairns, Robert D & Mahabir, Dhanayshar, 1988. "Contestability: A Revisionist View," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 55(218), pages 269-276, May.
    2. Baldwin, John R. & Gorecki, Paul K., 1987. "Plant creation versus plant acquisition : The entry process in canadian manufacturing," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 27-41, March.
    3. Lemelin, Andre, 1982. "Relatedness in the Patterns of Interindustry Diversification," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 64(4), pages 646-657, November.
    4. Timothy Dunne & Mark J. Roberts & Larry Samuelson, 1988. "Patterns of Firm Entry and Exit in U.S. Manufacturing Industries," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 19(4), pages 495-515, Winter.
    5. Schwalbach, Joachim, 1987. "Entry by diversified firms into German industries," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 43-49, March.
    6. Montgomery, Cynthia A. & Hariharan, S., 1991. "Diversified expansion by large established firms," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 71-89, January.
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