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Trends in the liquidity of Hungarian financial markets – What does the MNB’s new liquidity index show?

Author

Listed:
  • Judit Páles

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank (central bank of Hungary))

  • Lóránt Varga

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank (central bank of Hungary))

Abstract

The Magyar Nemzeti Bank measures the trends in the liquidity of Hungarian financial markets by means of a liquidity index and a related set of liquidity sub-indices. These liquidity indices relate to the four most important domestic financial markets (the EUR/HUF spot foreign exchange market, the USD/HUF FX swap market, the secondary market of Hungarian government bonds and the interbank unsecured money market), and are based on indicators that quantify the different dimensions of market liquidity (bid-ask spread, return-to-volume ratio, average size of transactions, number of transactions). The timeliness of this topic is supported by the fact that, in relation to the impact of the US sub-prime crisis, analysts and experts have started to focus their attention on the development of financial market liquidity again. Until mid-2006, the liquidity of Hungary’s domestic financial markets increased steadily, but in 2007 the trend-like growth in liquidity ceased. Looking at the last period of more than a half year, the liquidity of Hungarian financial markets fell suddenly several times during the turbulent periods. The magnitude of the decline was particularly considerable in the period of the government bond market liquidity problems in early March 2008. In these periods, the decline in liquidity was mainly attributable to a decline in market tightness, i.e. to an increase in the costs of trading, while market turnover usually did not decline significantly.

Suggested Citation

  • Judit Páles & Lóránt Varga, 2008. "Trends in the liquidity of Hungarian financial markets – What does the MNB’s new liquidity index show?," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 3(1), pages 44-51, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:bullet:v:3:y:2008:i:1:p:44-51
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    File URL: http://www.mnb.hu/letoltes/mnb-bull-2008-04-judit-pales-lorant-varga-en.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. László Békési & Lorant Kaszab & Szabolcs Szentmihályi, 2017. "The EAGLE model for Hungary - a global perspective," MNB Working Papers 2017/7, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    2. Adam Geršl & Zlatuše Komárková, 2009. "Liquidity Risk and Banks’ Bidding Behavior: Evidence from the Global Financial Crisis," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 59(6), pages 577-592, December.
    3. Klára Pintér & György Pulai, 2009. "Measuring interest rate expectations from market yields: topical issues," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 4(2), pages 34-42, July.
    4. Judit Krekó & Csaba Balogh & Kristóf Lehmann & Róbert Mátrai & György Pulai & Balázs Vonnák, 2013. "International experiences and domestic opportunities of applying unconventional monetary policy tools," MNB Occasional Papers 2013/100, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    5. Tibor Szendrei & Katalin Varga, 2017. "FISS - A Factor Based Index of Systemic Stress in the Financial System," MNB Working Papers 2017/9, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    6. Ãdám Banai & András Kollarik & András Szabó-Solticzky, 2014. "The Network Topology of the Hungarian Short-Term Foreign Exchange Swap Market," Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology, vol. 6(2).
    7. Júlia Király & Márton Nagy & Viktor E. Szabó, 2008. "Contagion and the beginning of the crisis – pre-Lehman period," MNB Occasional Papers 2008/76, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    8. Gergely Fábián & Róbert Mátrai, 2012. "Unconventional central bank instruments in Hungary," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 7(2), pages 14-23, June.
    9. Dániel Holló, 2012. "A system-wide financial stress indicator for the Hungarian financial system," MNB Occasional Papers 2012/105, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    market liquidity; financial markets; bid-ask spread; market turnover.;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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