Inconsistencies In The Creation Of Regulatiory Bodies As Important Economic Institutions In Transition Countries: Example Of Serbia
Independent regulatory bodies are important economic institutes, which take on a part of classical state affairs, which generally need particular, i.e. specialized knowledge, which does not exist in state management. European countries have different experiences when it comes to bearers of public authorization, representing intermediaries between the state on one hand, and companies and citizens on the other. In those countries with a traditionally big state apparatus, there are few agencies and vice versa, where there is a large portion of state affairs decentralized, small governments, supported by a modest central state apparatus are established. In the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, along with the process of transition, there occurred the process of "agencification". Serbia is maybe the worst example, with large coalition governments, which have established almost 200 different independent institutions. The causes of independent public body boom in Serbia are to be sought in a too liberal understanding of laws regulating this area, which has created the possibility of political feudalism. Also it has created an inappropriate autonomy of institutions (inappropriate for Serbian conditions, especially when it comes to finance), with a clear debalance of quality of employees in those bodies and the system of their compensation compared to contribution given by their work. Recent political changes, "new waves" of global economic crisis and large crisis of state financing are making boom problem solving quicker, and also are putting under control the behavior of bearers of public authorization in Serbia. However, it seems that this process still lacks good and impartial methodology and argumented atmosphere for making political decisions.
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