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Migration patterns in a remittances dependent economy: Evidence from Tajikistan during the global financial crisis

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  • Alexander M. Danzer

    () (Royal Holloway University of London, UK, Osteuropa-Institut Regensburg and IZA Bonn, Germany.)

  • Oleksiy Ivaschenko

    () (World Bank, Washington, DC, USA.)

Abstract

Before the global financial crisis, Tajikistan was a major labour exporting and the world’s most remittances-dependent country. Remittances had contributed to a remarkable reduction in poverty. This paper exploits a new panel data set spanning the years 2007 to 2009 in order to investigate the effect of the financial crisis on migration and remittances patterns. Expectedly, the economic recession in the main destination country Russia affected Tajikistan through declining remittances. Owing to low diversification in pre-crisis migration patterns, the dependency on sending migrants to Russia and the migration stock there grew. In combination with increased migration risk this suggests that migrants bear part of the cost of the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander M. Danzer & Oleksiy Ivaschenko, 2010. "Migration patterns in a remittances dependent economy: Evidence from Tajikistan during the global financial crisis," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 7(2), pages 190-202, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:mig:journl:v:7:y:2010:i:2:p:190-202
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:fau:fauart:v:67:y:2017:i:2:p:140-164 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Brück, Tilman & Esenaliev, Damir & Kroeger, Antje & Kudebayeva, Alma & Mirkasimov, Bakhrom & Steiner, Susan, 2014. "Household survey data for research on well-being and behavior in Central Asia," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 819-835.
    3. Natalie Zotova & Jeffrey H. Cohen, 2016. "Remittances and their social meaning in Tajikistan," Remittances Review, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 1(1), pages 5-16, October.
    4. Alexander M. Danzer & Barbara Dietz & Kseniia Gatskova, 2013. "Migration and Remittances in Tajikistan: Survey Technical Report," Working Papers 327, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    5. repec:mig:remrev:v:2:y:2017:i:1:p:47-56 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kazuhiro Kumo, 2012. "Tajik labor migrants and their international money transfers," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 1(2), pages 285-301.
    7. Danzer, Alexander M. & Grundke, Robert, 2016. "Coerced Labor in the Cotton Sector: How Global Commodity Prices (Don't) Transmit to the Poor," IZA Discussion Papers 9971, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Köllner, Sebastian, 2013. "Remittances and educational attainment: Evidence from Tajikistan," Discussion Paper Series 124, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    9. Kröger, Antje & Meier, Kristina, 2011. "Employment and the Financial Crisis: Evidence from Tajikistan," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 50, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    10. Ibrahim Sirkeci & Jeffrey H. Cohen & Dilip Ratha, 2012. "Migration and Remittances during the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13092.
    11. Ira N. Gang & Kseniia Gatskova & John Landon-Lane & Myeong-Su Yun, 2018. "Vulnerability to Poverty: Tajikistan During and After the Global Financial Crisis," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 138(3), pages 925-951, August.
    12. Gatskova, Kseniia & Kozlov, Vladimir, 2018. "Doubling Up or Moving Out? The Effect of International Labor Migration on Household Size," CEI Working Paper Series 2017-6, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    13. Danzer, Alexander M. & Dietz, Barbara, 2018. "The Economic and Social Determinants of Migrants' Well-Being during the Global Financial Crisis," IZA Discussion Papers 11272, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    14. Safaa Tabit & Charaf-Eddine Moussir, 2016. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Migrants’ Remittances: Evidence from a Panel of Developing Countries," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 6(7), pages 1-11, July.
    15. Mirzosaid Sultonov, 2013. "The Macroeconomic Determinants of Remittance Flows from Russia to Tajikistan," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 19(4), pages 417-430, March.
    16. Moussir, Charaf-Eddine & Tabit, Safaa, 2016. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Migrants’ Remittances: Evidence from a Panel of Developing Countries," MPRA Paper 72956, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2016.

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