IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/mic/tmpjrn/v2y2004i01p17-24.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) in 1990s

Author

Listed:
  • János Hoós

    () (Corvinus University)

Abstract

One of the major accomplishments of the socialist systems of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) was the relatively equal distribution of income they attained. The social policy was characterized by "cradle-to-grave" state paternalism. The transition to market economy is virtually certain to lead to higher unemployment and somewhat greater income inequality. There were four interrelated social policy problems during the transformation of (CEE) : a. the employment problem for citizens to find secure and durable employment and income; b. the business problem, where firms can no longer rely on soft budget constraints and thus must abundant their direct social welfare functions; c. the budget problem of unburdening the state from price subsidies, which means rising consumer prices and declining real incomes and; d. the labour market problem resulting from privatization and the need for the developing new and specialized social policy institutions This required the reform of social policy: a redefinition of the social safety net, in essence an "unbundling" of the economic and social roles previously assigned to enterprises. This reforms had to extend to comprehensive transformation of the large distribution systems (pension, health, education, housing, social benefits), reduction of social benefits according to the need and partially providing services in the market economy. There was consensus in CEE that the reform due to their inner shortcomings and to condition of their economy is unavoidable and indispensable. But the success of the reform needed proper concept of it and addition to this the success of it depended on starting up of the sustainable economic growth of their economy. The concept of reforms is rather well developed and commonly accepted in every countries of CEE, but the implementation of it is in very different stage. Therefore first we outline the concept of the reforms and after that we present what has welfare, social policy reform achieved.

Suggested Citation

  • János Hoós, 2004. "Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) in 1990s," Theory Methodology Practice (TMP), Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 2(01), pages 17-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:mic:tmpjrn:v:2:y:2004:i:01:p:17-24
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://tmp.gtk.uni-miskolc.hu/volumes/2004/01/TMP_2004_01_03.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mic:tmpjrn:v:2:y:2004:i:01:p:17-24. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vgtmihu.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.