In the late 1980s, regional or local protectionism (>i>difang baohuzhuyi>/i>) became an increasing problem in China. During the period from 1987 to 1989, a series of interregional resource wars (>i>ziyuan dazhan>/i>) erupted wherein raw material-producing regions banned or blocked exports of scarce commodities. Threatened with the loss of necessary inputs, manufacturing regions responded by launching attacks against raw material producers' "defenses," leading to "chaos" (>i>luan>/i>) and "tangled warfare" (>i>hunzhan>/i>). Over the years, local governments fought resource wars over commodities ranging from key industrial inputs (cotton, silk, tobacco, wool, tea, and ramie), to basic foodstuffs (hogs, eggs, and grain), to local specialty crops (cassia, anise, bluish dogbane, pine rosin, mint oil, and jellyfish).
Volume (Year): 26 (1993)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
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