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Bank Mergers and Small Firm Financing

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  • Scott, Jonathan A
  • Dunkelberg, William C

Abstract

In this study the effect of bank mergers on the most recent attempt to obtain financing from a sample U.S. small firms in the mid-1990s is examined. Banking mergers, which affected about 25% of the firms responding to the survey, had no significant effect on the ability of small firms to obtain a loan or the contract loan rate on the most recent loan from a commercial bank. However, the incidence of mergers does appear to increase nonprice loan terms, increase the incidence of related fees for services, raise the frequency of searching for a new bank, and result in deterioration of service quality Little evidence is found that the most informationally opaque firms (e.g., the smallest firms) bear a higher cost from mergers than do less informationally opaque firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott, Jonathan A & Dunkelberg, William C, 2003. " Bank Mergers and Small Firm Financing," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 35(6), pages 999-1017, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:35:y:2003:i:6:p:999-1017
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fidrmuc, Jarko & Hainz, Christa, 2008. "Integrating with Their Feet: Cross-Border Lending at the German-Austrian Border," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 248, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
    2. Carletti, Elena & Ongena, Steven & Siedlarek, Jan-Peter & Spagnolo, Giancarlo, 2015. "The Impact of Merger Legislation on Bank Mergers," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 530, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
    3. Degryse, Hans & Masschelein, Nancy & Mitchell, Janet, 2005. "SMEs and Bank Lending Relationships: The Impact of Mergers," CEPR Discussion Papers 5061, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Eugene Kang & Asghar Zardkoohi & Ramona Paetzold & Donald Fraser, 2013. "Relationship banking and escalating commitments to bad loans," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 899-910, May.
    5. Shannon Mudd, 2013. "Bank Structure, Relationship Lending and Small Firm Access to Finance: A Cross-Country Investigation," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 44(2), pages 149-174, October.
    6. Pedro Barros & Diana Bonfim & Moshe Kim & Nuno Martins, 2014. "Counterfactual analysis of bank mergers," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 361-391, February.
    7. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:2:p:329-380 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Hans Degryse & Nancy Masschelein & Janet Mitchell, 2004. "SMEs and Bank Lending Relationships: the Impact of Mergers," Working Paper Research 46, National Bank of Belgium.
    9. Jonathan Scott, 2004. "Small Business and the Value of Community Financial Institutions," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 25(2), pages 207-230, April.
    10. Diana Bonfim & Qinglei Dai, 2017. "Bank Size and Lending Specialisation," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 46(2), pages 329-380, July.
    11. Bonini, Stefano & Dell'Acqua, Alberto & Fungo, Matteo & Kysucky, Vlado, 2016. "Credit market concentration, relationship lending and the cost of debt," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 172-179.
    12. Hans Degryse & Nancy Masschelein & Janet Mitchell, 2009. "Staying, dropping, or switching : the impacts of bank mergers on small firms," Working Paper Research 179, National Bank of Belgium.
    13. Montoriol-Garriga, Judit, 2008. "Bank mergers and lending relationships," Working Paper Series 934, European Central Bank.
    14. Marco Celentani & MiguelGarcía-Posada & Teresa Molina, 2010. "Profesionalización e internalización de las decisiones económico-financieras. Evidencia empírica sobre las Pymes manufactureras en España," Economic Reports 03-2010, FEDEA.
    15. Udell, Gregory F., 2008. "What's in a relationship The case of commercial lending," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 93-103.
    16. Enrico Beretta & Silvia Del Prete, 2007. "Bank consolidation and lending policies to small business: Differences across geographical areas," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 644, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    17. Evren Damar, H., 2007. "Does post-crisis restructuring decrease the availability of banking services? The case of Turkey," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 2886-2905, September.

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