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Prospects of Globalization


  • Muhammad Mahmud

    (KASB Institute of technology, Karachi)

  • Madeha Almas


Modern world has shrunk into a global village. The ever-expanding and multifarious links in communication, transportation, trade, services and myriad of other factors have rendered the world a single market. The trend has, no doubt benefited the people all around, but it entails the inevitable pros and cons as well. Globalization and one of its premium ingredients i.e. Free Trade has inter alia proved incremental in raising per capita income as per the predictions of the international trade theorists. Countries with open trade policies also have superior labour rights, and labour rights improve over time in countries that adopt open trade policies thereby signaling general raise in the purchasing power of the people. Pakistan's economy is still very primitive and is dependent on agriculture. The sector contributes 25% to GNP but employs nearly 50% of the labour force. Industry contributes approximately 18% to GNP and services about 50%, of which wholesale and retail trade account for 15%, and transport and communication for 10%. As a result of the importance of the agricultural sector, climatic conditions and water resources have a significant impact on the yearly economic performance. Over the period 2000 to 2003, GNP growth has increased from an average of 3% per annum to nearly 5% in fiscal year 2003. Pakistani economy has really to take off, and for that all the hurdles in the way of industrialization and investment are to be removed. Not only step are to be taken to make Pakistan more attractive destination to the foreign investors, but also providing the much needed subsidies and incentives to the local investors and the industrialists to enable them to survive and compete in the ‘Brave New World’.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Mahmud & Madeha Almas, 2011. "Prospects of Globalization," KASBIT Business Journals, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), vol. 4, pages 129-136, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksb:journl:v:4:y:2011:p:129-136

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    More about this item


    Globalization; Free Trade; Pakistan Economy;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration


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