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The Union Pacific/Southern Pacific Railroads Merger: Effect of Trackage Rights on Rates

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  • Karikari, John Agyei
  • Brown, Stephen M
  • Nadji, Mehrzad

Abstract

We investigate the impact of the 1996 Union Pacific (UP)/Southern Pacific (SP) railroads merger on rail rates for potential 2-to-1 shippers. As part of its merger conditions, the Surface Transportation Board (STB) granted trackage rights to BNSF to preserve competition for these shippers. Using the STB's Carload Waybill Sample data for the Salt Lake City economic area, we found that the remedy was effective--Burlington-Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) provided more effective competition to UP in the post-merger era than SP did in the pre-merger era. The results, however, differed by commodity, direction of traffic, and shipper-type. Copyright 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

Suggested Citation

  • Karikari, John Agyei & Brown, Stephen M & Nadji, Mehrzad, 2002. "The Union Pacific/Southern Pacific Railroads Merger: Effect of Trackage Rights on Rates," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 271-285, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:regeco:v:22:y:2002:i:3:p:271-85
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    Cited by:

    1. Ivaldi, Marc & McCullough, Gerard, 2005. "Welfare Trade-Offs in US Rail Mergers," CEPR Discussion Papers 5000, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Juan Luis Jiménez & Jordi Perdiguero, 2018. "Mergers and difference-in-difference estimator: Why firms do not increase prices?," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 285-311, April.
    3. Orley Ashenfelter & Daniel Hosken & Matthew Weinberg, 2014. "Did Robert Bork Understate the Competitive Impact of Mergers? Evidence from Consummated Mergers," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(S3), pages 67-100.
    4. R. Pittman, 2009. "Railway Mergers and Railway Alliances: Competition Issues and Lessons for Other Network Industries," Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, Intersentia, vol. 10(3), pages 259-279, September.
    5. José A. Gómez-Ibáñez, 2016. "Open Access to Infrastructure Networks: The Experience of Railroads," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 49(2), pages 311-345, September.

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