Colonial Legacies and Economic Growth
Much of the work on colonialism has been theoretical or anecdotal. In this paper, the author closes the gap between the literature on development and new growth theory by testing the effect of colonization on subsequent growth and development. In a sample of sixty-three excolonial states from 1961-90, he finds that colonies that were held for longer periods of time than other countries tend to perform better, on average, after independence. Finally, the author shows that the level of education at the time of independence can help to explain much of the development gap between the former British and French colonies in Africa. Copyright 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
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