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Tax Competition and Tax Coordination in a Median Voter Model

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  • Fuest, Clemens
  • Huber, Bernd

Abstract

This paper analyzes the welfare effects of capital tax coordination in a simple model of fiscal competition where fiscal policy is subject to majority voting and households differ with respect to their labor and capital income. It turns out that a coordinated capital tax increase may raise or reduce welfare, depending on the relative magnitude of i) economic distortions induced by a labor tax and ii) political distortions resulting from the influence of the median voter on fiscal policy decisions. A negative welfare effect is more likely, the smaller the marginal excess burden of the labor tax and the smaller the ratio of the median voter's labor income to average labor income. We also use empirical estimates of the marginal excess burden of taxation to determine the welfare effects of tax coordination; it turns out that a negative welfare effect of coordinated tax increases may emerge in our model for empirically reasonable parameters. Copyright 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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  • Fuest, Clemens & Huber, Bernd, 2001. "Tax Competition and Tax Coordination in a Median Voter Model," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 107(1-2), pages 97-113, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:107:y:2001:i:1-2:p:97-113
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    Cited by:

    1. Kevin Hsu & Yang, 2008. "Political Economy And The Social Marginal Cost Of Public Funds: The Case Of The Meltzer-Richard Economy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 46(3), pages 401-410, July.
    2. Borck, Rainald, 2003. "Tax competition and the choice of tax structure in a majority voting model," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 173-180, July.
    3. Rupayan Pal & Ajay Sharma, 2011. "Political competition and leadership in tax competition," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-024, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    4. Toshihiro Ihori & C. C. Yang, 2008. "Interregional Tax Competition and Intraregional Political Competition: The Optimal Provision of Public Goods," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-553, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    5. Daniel Hopp & Michael Kriebel, 2016. "The political economy of interregional competition for firms," CQE Working Papers 5616, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster.
    6. Peralta, Susana & van Ypersele, Tanguy, 2006. "Coordination of capital taxation among asymmetric countries," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 708-726, November.
    7. Sanz Córdoba, Patricia & Theilen, Bernd, 1965-, 2017. "Strategic Responses to International Tax Competition: Fiscal (De) Centralization versus Partial Tax Harmonization," Working Papers 2072/306513, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    8. Pal, Rupayan & Sharma, Ajay, 2013. "Endogenizing governments' objectives in tax competition," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 570-578.
    9. MORITA Tadashi & SATO Yasuhiro & YAMAMOTO Kazuhiro, 2016. "Demographics and Tax Competition in Political Economy," Discussion papers 16091, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    10. Koenig, Tobias & Wagener, Andreas, 2013. "Tax structure and government expenditures with tax equity concerns," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 137-153.
    11. Andreas Haufler & Alexander Klemm & Guttorm Schjelderup, 2009. "Economic integration and the relationship between profit and wage taxes," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 138(3), pages 423-446, March.
    12. Makris, Miltiadis, 2006. "Capital tax competition under a common currency," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 54-74, January.
    13. Rupayan Pal & Ajay Sharma, 2011. "Competition for foreign capital: Endogenous objective, public investment and tax," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-021, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    14. repec:bla:ecopol:v:29:y:2017:i:3:p:237-251 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:kap:itaxpf:v:24:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10797-016-9424-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Leonzio Rizzo, 2010. "Interaction between federal taxation and horizontal tax competition: theory and evidence from Canada," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 144(1), pages 369-387, July.
    17. Atsushi Kawamoto, 2012. "An empirical analysis on intergovernmental strategic interaction in tax policy: Evidence from capital taxation in Japan," Discussion papers ron238, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan.
    18. Hopp, Daniel & Kriebel, Michael, 2016. "The political economy of interregional competition for firms," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145693, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    19. Sanz Córdoba, Patrícia & Theilen, Bernd, 1965-, 2016. "Partial tax harmonization through infrastructure coordination," Working Papers 2072/261535, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    20. Ihori, Toshihiro & Yang, C.C., 2009. "Interregional tax competition and intraregional political competition: The optimal provision of public goods under representative democracy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 210-217, November.
    21. Fritz Breuss & Markus Eller, 2004. "The Optimal Decentralisation of Government Activity: Normative Recommendations for the European Constitution," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 27-76, March.

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