The Phenomenon of “Consumer Insolvency Tourism” and its Challenges to European Legislation
Consumer insolvency tourism, i.e., the relocation of over-indebted natural persons into a Member State granting a more favourable discharge regime from personal debt than the home country, has been focused by media as well as by legal practitioners quite intensively lately. Conflicts arise not only in distinguishing genuine and fictional relocations of the centre of main interest (COMI), but also between the effect of discharge and creditor's perspectives who did not take into account the possibility of considerably more debtor-friendly discharge facilities abroad when issuing the credit. While relocating a corporate COMI to another Member State providing better restructuring conditions will generally benefit both creditor and debtor, the effect of discharge in consumer insolvency procedures leads to less balanced results. It is not controversial that the current practice is in accordance with the wording of the European Insolvency Regulation (EIR). However, little research has been done so far on the question whether the phenomenon itself has been endorsed by the EIR. Even if consumer insolvency tourism is generally not regarded as an abuse of the EIR or of European freedoms, it may still not respect the interests of both debtors and creditors appropriately. With regard to the prospective revision of the EIR, this paper proposes different approaches to balance the interests of debtors and creditors by normative means. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012
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