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A comparative study on self-esteem of working and non-working women in Pakistan


  • Fareda Zeab

    (Karachi University, Karachi, Pakistan)

  • Uzma Ali


The purpose of this study was to explore the difference of self-esteem between working and non-working women of Pakistan. It was hypothesized that ’’the working-women will score higher on the variable of Self-esteem as compare to non-working women. The sample of 250 (125 working, 125 non working) women were taken by purposive sampling technique. The target group’s age range was between 28 years to 45 years. The Mean score of age was (M =34.126) and the standard deviation was (SD= 4.129). The women were selected from different organizations and areas of Karachi, Pakistan through purposive sampling technique. After taking the permission from authorities and informed consent from the participant demographic forms were filled then in order to measure the self-esteem, Rosenberg self-esteem Scale (RSES, 1965) was administered, individually. Descriptive statistics and t-test for independent mean were used to analyze the data through SPSS. It was concluded that non-working women are likely to have higher self-esteem than working-women in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Fareda Zeab & Uzma Ali, 2015. "A comparative study on self-esteem of working and non-working women in Pakistan," Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS), , vol. 4(4), pages 934-944, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:jso:coejss:v:4:y:2015:i:4:p:934-944

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    Self-esteem; working women; mental health.;


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