Dummensteuern und die (Un-)Möglichkeit ihrer Vermeidung / Fool’s Taxes - And How To Avoid Them
Taxpayers pay “fool’s taxes” when they do not optimally utilize their possibilities for legal tax avoidance and thus pay too much taxes. With overly complicated, inconsistent and volatile tax laws fool’s taxes often are incurred even though taxpayers and their advisors carefully plan their matters. Tax legislators are frequently urged to prevent the occurence of fool's taxes, e.g. by simplification of tax laws. In this text we present a formal framework for the idea of fool’s taxes and we illustrate our concepts by tax cases from Germany. We then formally show that foolproofness (i.e., the impossibility of fool’s taxes) puts severe constraints on the design of tax laws. In particular, it implies that tax laws must not include any options and that, together with an often natural separability assumption, only linear tax functions are admissable. Hence, foolproof tax laws are realistically not achievable. We further show that the absence of fool's taxes and neutrality of taxation are related, but not equivalent concepts.
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Volume (Year): 221 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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