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Infrastructure and Human development in India: An Inter-state comparison


  • Gopalakrishna B.V
  • D.S. Leelavathi


Economic development of a country depends very much on the availability of its infrastructural facilities particularly the development of sectors such as Agriculture, Industry and Service Sectors. An economy’s infrastructure is more conveniently divided into two parts Physical Infrastructure and Social Infrastructure. Physical Infrastructure is directly concerned with the needs of such production sectors as agriculture, industry & trade. The physical infrastructure, include such services such as power, irrigation, transport telecommunication. On the other hand, social infrastructure comprising education, health and medical care, nutrition, housing and water supply which is instrumental in contributing to substantial improvements in human development, which in turn, initiate and accelerate economic development. Human Development is the process of widening people’s choices and their level of well-being. The choices change over time and differ among societies according to their stage of developmentThe three essential choices for people are - to lead a long and healthy life, to acquire knowledge and to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living. If these choices are not available, many other opportunities remain inaccessible. Other choices, highly valued by many people include political, economic and social freedom, access to opportunities for being creative and productive and enjoying self-respect and guaranteed human rights

Suggested Citation

  • Gopalakrishna B.V & D.S. Leelavathi, 2011. "Infrastructure and Human development in India: An Inter-state comparison," Journal of Global Economy, Research Centre for Social Sciences,Mumbai, India, vol. 7(4), pages 292-311, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:jge:journl:745

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Richard Clarida & Jordi Galí & Mark Gertler, 2000. "Monetary Policy Rules and Macroeconomic Stability: Evidence and Some Theory," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(1), pages 147-180.
    2. Dynan, Karen E. & Elmendorf, Douglas W. & Sichel, Daniel E., 2006. "Can financial innovation help to explain the reduced volatility of economic activity?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 123-150, January.
    3. Jean Boivin & Marc P. Giannoni, 2006. "Has Monetary Policy Become More Effective?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(3), pages 445-462, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Motkuri, Venkatanarayana, 2011. "Infrastructure in Andhra Pradesh : Economic and Social Infrastructure," MPRA Paper 49076, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Indian Economy; Infrastructure; Human development;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General


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