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Millennium Development Goals and Infant Mortality in India: A Distant Dream or a Reality


  • Asima Sahu
  • Subhalaxmi Mohapatra


Child mortality and more particularly infant mortality is often used as an indicator of the socioeconomic development of a country since children (infants), more than any other age-group of a population, depend heavily on the socioeconomic conditions of their environment for survival. Thus, the level of child mortality would present a measure of how well a society meets the needs of its people (Bicego and Ahmad, 1996). Looking into the history of the decline in mortality in India, it can be noted that in the country as a whole the level of infant mortality which was very high before 1951, fell substantially during the later half of the last century, although its level is still very high. As per the recent SRS estimates, the infant mortality rate (IMR) is 58 per 1000 live `births in 2005. It has also been a cause of concern that the pace of decline in infant mortality in the country has slowed during the last decade, particularly during its later half. Yet, there is surprisingly little evidence to suggest that planners and policy makers feel seriously concerned about this problem. In India, the programmes to reduce infant mortality had been guided by health professionals who were convinced that available low-cost technology was adequate to achieve the set goals.

Suggested Citation

  • Asima Sahu & Subhalaxmi Mohapatra, 2010. "Millennium Development Goals and Infant Mortality in India: A Distant Dream or a Reality," Journal of Global Economy, Research Centre for Social Sciences,Mumbai, India, vol. 6(1), pages 59-79, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:jge:journl:616

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chow, Peter C. Y., 1987. "Causality between export growth and industrial development : Empirial evidence from the NICs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 55-63, June.
    2. Michaely, Michael, 1977. "Exports and growth : An empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 49-53, February.
    3. Esfahani, Hadi Salehi, 1991. "Exports, imports, and economic growth in semi-industrialized countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 93-116, January.
    4. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen & Mohtadi, Hamid & Shabsigh, Ghiath, 1991. "Exports, growth and causality in LDCs : A re-examination," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 405-415, October.
    5. Kavoussi, Rostam M., 1984. "Export expansion and economic growth : Further empirical evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 241-250.
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    More about this item


    Health; child mortality; development issues;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty


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