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Cuba's social policy after the disintegration of the Soviet Union -- social development as legitimacy of regime and its economy effectiveness


  • Yamaoka, Kanako


Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Cuba has experienced a severe economic crisis, and the country's social policy has played an important role in showing the people a raison-d'etre for the revolution. This role has become even stronger in recent years, as internal and external actors demand political reforms and economic liberalization. This article first examines the Cuban government's use of social development to counter the demands for changes. It then looks at the extent that government social policy contributes economically to improving the Cuban living standard.The article demonstrates empirically how the leadership emphasizes their social accomplishments whenever demands for change come, and then shows that after the suspension of Soviet aid, Cuban social policy has been able to provide services mainly by relying on human capital and reducing quality materially because of the shortage of foreign reserves. This has limited the economic effectiveness of the services.

Suggested Citation

  • Yamaoka, Kanako, 2004. "Cuba's social policy after the disintegration of the Soviet Union -- social development as legitimacy of regime and its economy effectiveness," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO), vol. 42(2), pages 305-333, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:deveco:v:42:y:2004:i:2:p:305-333

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    Cuba; Social security; Social development; Social policy; キューバ; 社会保障; 社会開発; 社会政策;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs


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