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Transformation and continuity of the Argentine welfare state -- evaluating social security reform in the 1990s

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  • Usami, Koichi

Abstract

Beginning after World War II, Argentina institutionalized a limited conservative corporatist welfare state where occupation-linked social insurance held a central position and social assistance had a residual character. This was called a limited conservative corporatist welfare state, because the huge population within the informal sector was excluded from the main system. A populist government supported by trade unions and the economic model of import-substituting industrialization were the background for the formation of this type of welfare state. During the 1990s, elements of a liberal regime were added to the Argentine welfare state under the reform carried out by the Menem Peronist government. However, social insurance reform and labor reform were not as drastic as the economic reform. They still retained a certain continuity from the traditional systems. The government intended to carry out more drastic social security and labor reform, but was unable to do so due to the legacy of corporatism of the Peronist government.

Suggested Citation

  • Usami, Koichi, 2004. "Transformation and continuity of the Argentine welfare state -- evaluating social security reform in the 1990s," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO), vol. 42(2), pages 217-240, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:deveco:v:42:y:2004:i:2:p:217-240
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    Cited by:

    1. Schröter, Lars, 2008. "Die Rolle des informellen Sektors in der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung Argentiniens
      [The role of the informal sector in the economic development of Argentina]
      ," MPRA Paper 11661, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Nov 2008.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social security; Social welfare; Argentina; 社会保障; 社会福祉; アルゼンチン;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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