IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/jes/wpaper/y2019v11i3p185-197.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

China’s linkages and leverages in Central and Eastern Europe – a new challenge for EU

Author

Listed:
  • Bogdan Lucian CUMPĂNAŞU

    () (PhD Student at National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

Relying on the linkage and leverage theory, the paper aims at reviewing critical issues related to China’s economic, cultural and political expansion in EU’s Central and Eastern member states. Through the “17+1” format and “One Belt, One Road” initiative, China became an assertive competitor in Europe, acting on a “divide et impera” strategy through bilateral or multilateral negotiations, undermining the EU’s cohesion. Also, the European Union is facing a movement of illiberal, nationalist or populist policies that occurred in the former Warsaw Pact countries which are trying to avoid Brussels’ norms and therefore they are opened to other alternatives. In order to find out a pattern or relevant arguments for advancing a set of competing hypotheses or scenarios, a structured analytical technique will be applied, respectively “indicators or signposts of change”, for the following countries: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. In this regard, the key indicators will refer to: economic factors, the strength of the civil society, the force of the opposition or of pro-European parties and the degree of Europeanization in the analysed states. Thereby, the article will advance three important questions: 1) Is EU in competition with China and how the confrontation takes place? 2) Which are the EU’s countries more likely to strengthen the partnership with China? 3) Which are the EU’s own linkages and leverages in its Eastern part and how they can be used for stopping China’s advancement? The results will strengthen the idea that China became a real competitive actor, trying to expand in Europe, where the peripheral ex-communist states have been placed in the core of the confrontation. Also, the article will demonstrate that EU facing a real economic rival has the capabilities to stand up and therefore act as an international power.

Suggested Citation

  • Bogdan Lucian CUMPĂNAŞU, 2019. "China’s linkages and leverages in Central and Eastern Europe – a new challenge for EU," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 11(3), pages 185-197, Octomber.
  • Handle: RePEc:jes:wpaper:y:2019:v:11:i:3:p:185-197
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ceswp.uaic.ro/articles/CESWP2019_XI3_CUM.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:jes:wpaper:y:2019:v:11:i:3:p:185-197. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alupului Ciprian). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/csjesro.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.