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Energy consumption, economic growth and financial development: exploring the empirical linkages for India


  • Mantu Kumar Mahalik

    () (Amrita University, India)

  • Hrushikesh Mallick

    (Centre for Development Studies, India)


This study investigates the relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and financial development in India by using the annual data for the period 1971-2009. An application of Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration results suggest that energy consumption is positively and significantly impacted by proportion of urban population in total population, while the same is negatively and significantly impacted by financial development, economic growth and proportion of industrial output in total output. The cointegration results also further suggest that an increase in proportion of urban population adversely influences economic growth, whereas energy use positively influences economic growth. The findings have significant policy implications for the Indian economy as we find energy use positively impacts on economic growth, suggesting that India is harnessing on the effective use of energy. However, it is recommended that India needs to be cautious in the effective use of energy in proper channels.

Suggested Citation

  • Mantu Kumar Mahalik & Hrushikesh Mallick, 2014. "Energy consumption, economic growth and financial development: exploring the empirical linkages for India," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 48(4), pages 139-159, October-D.
  • Handle: RePEc:jda:journl:vol.48:year:2014:issue4:pp:139-159

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vernon W. Ruttan, 2002. "Productivity Growth in World Agriculture: Sources and Constraints," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 161-184, Fall.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:eneeco:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:199-212 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Mallick, Hrushikesh & Mahalik, Mantu Kumar & Sadorsky, Perry, 2016. "The role of globalization on the recent evolution of energy demand in India: Implications for sustainable development," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 52-68.
    3. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Hoang, Thi Hong Van & Mahalik, Mantu Kumar & Roubaud, David, 2017. "Energy consumption, financial development and economic growth in India: New evidence from a nonlinear and asymmetric analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 199-212.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:1022-1034 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mahalik, Mantu Kumar & Babu, M. Suresh & Loganathan, Nanthakumar & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2017. "Does financial development intensify energy consumption in Saudi Arabia?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 1022-1034.
    6. Aslan Alper & Gozbasi Onur, 2016. "Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for sub-elements of the carbon emissions in China," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 82(2), pages 1327-1340, June.
    7. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Mallick, Hrushikesh & Kumar, Mantu & Loganathan, Nanthakumar, 2015. "Does Globalization Impede Environmental Quality in India?," MPRA Paper 67285, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Oct 2015.
    8. repec:eee:enepol:v:110:y:2017:i:c:p:588-599 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Keho, Yaya, 2016. "What drives energy consumption in developing countries? The experience of selected African countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 233-246.
    10. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Benkraiem, Ramzi & Miloudi, Anthony & Lahiani, Amine, 2017. "Production function with electricity consumption and policy implications in Portugal," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 588-599.
    11. Khobai, Hlalefang & Abel, Sanderson & Le Roux, Pierre, 2017. "A Review of the Nexus Between Energy consumption and Economic growth in the Brics countries," MPRA Paper 82462, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Hlalefang Khobai & Sanderson Abel & Pierre Le Roux, 2016. "Co-integration between Electricity Supply and Economic Growth in South Africa," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 637-645.
    13. Ramachandra, T.V. & Bajpai, Vishnu & Kulkarni, Gouri & Aithal, Bharath H. & Han, Sun Sheng, 2017. "Economic disparity and CO2 emissions: The domestic energy sector in Greater Bangalore, India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 1331-1344.

    More about this item


    Energy use; financial development; Growth; ARDL model;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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