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Anticipatory Systems and the Processing of Meaning: a Simulation Study Inspired by Luhmann's Theory of Social Systems

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Abstract

Meaning can be communicated in addition to—and on top of—underlying processes of the information exchange. Meaning is provided to observations from the perspective of hindsight, while information processing follows the time axis. Simulations of anticipatory systems enable us to show how an observer can be generated within an information process, and how expectations can also be exchanged. Cellular automata will be used for the visualization. The exchange of observations among observers generates (a) uncertainty about the delineations in the observed system at each moment in time and (b) uncertainty about the dynamics of the interaction over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Loet Leydesdorff, 2005. "Anticipatory Systems and the Processing of Meaning: a Simulation Study Inspired by Luhmann's Theory of Social Systems," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 8(2), pages 1-7.
  • Handle: RePEc:jas:jasssj:2004-43-3
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    File URL: http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/2/7.html
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