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Broader Product Line: A Necessity to Achieve Success?

Author

Listed:
  • Sunder Kekre

    (Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213)

  • Kannan Srinivasan

    (Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213)

Abstract

Strategic product line breadth decisions evoke differential responses from the manufacturing and the marketing areas: manufacturing prefers keeping process disruptions to a minimum and, as a result, discourages product proliferation; however, marketing, in its attempt to match products to heterogeneous consumer needs and gain market share, emphasizes a broader product line. We systematically investigate the market benefits and cost disadvantages of broader product lines on a large sample of over 1,400 business units. Our results indicate significant market share benefits and increases in firms' profitability with broader product lines; moreover, widely held beliefs of increases in production costs are not empirically supported. American manufacturing firms may indeed be flexible enough to accommodate product variety without significant detrimental effects on costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Sunder Kekre & Kannan Srinivasan, 1990. "Broader Product Line: A Necessity to Achieve Success?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 36(10), pages 1216-1232, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:36:y:1990:i:10:p:1216-1232
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.36.10.1216
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