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Demographic And Labour Force Ageing – Risk Factors For The Social Protection System In Romania


  • Maria POENARU

    () (Institute of National Economy)


Population ageing is one of the main challenges to the economic and social development in the next decades. This article examines the main implications of demographic and labour force ageing on the future of social protection in Romania. The first part presents the mechanisms which define or govern the relationships between social protection and demographic ageing. The second highlights the main risks for the future of the Romanian social protection system and of the people’s social protection derived from increasing dependence rates, including that of older people; also, derived from labour force distribution changing, by gender. The final part focuses on the employment situation of older persons and on trends of paid jobs (employees), both of them having an important impact on social protection.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria POENARU, 2007. "Demographic And Labour Force Ageing – Risk Factors For The Social Protection System In Romania," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 24(1(33)), pages 63-82, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ine:journl:v:1:y:2007:i:24:p:63-82

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bernard G. Funck & Lodovico Pizzati, 2003. "European Integration, Regional Policy, and Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15144.
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    More about this item


    demographic ageing; labour force ageing; dependence rate; social protection;

    JEL classification:

    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies


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