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Revisiting the Decline in the Exchange Rate Pass-Through: Further Evidence from Japan's Import Prices


  • Otani, Akira

    (Bank of Japan)

  • Shiratsuka, Shigenori

    (Bank of Japan)

  • Shirota, Toyoichiro

    (Bank of Japan)


Many empirical studies show common empirical findings that the exchange rate pass-through to import prices in advanced countries declined in the 1990s. Some of those studies, however, draw contrasting conclusions regarding the factors behind the decline. Campa and Goldberg (2002) point out that it comes mainly from the decrease in the import share of primary commodities, such as raw materials and fuels, while Otani, Shiratsuka, and Shirota (2003) make the case that it is mostly attributable to the decline in the exchange rate pass-through in each product category. In this paper, we empirically reexamine the validity of the contrasting hypotheses. Our empirical results demonstrate that the decline in the exchange rate pass-through to Japan's import prices excluding primary commodities is largely attributable to the decreases in the exchange rate pass-through in each product. Our empirical results also suggest the possibility that the declines in the long-term exchange rate pass-through to overall import prices are induced partly by the reduction in the import share of primary commodities. The second point, however, should be taken cautiously, because the precision of the estimates is not high enough to draw a definite conclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Otani, Akira & Shiratsuka, Shigenori & Shirota, Toyoichiro, 2006. "Revisiting the Decline in the Exchange Rate Pass-Through: Further Evidence from Japan's Import Prices," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 24(1), pages 61-75, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ime:imemes:v:24:y:2006:i:1:p:61-75

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    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade


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