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The Phillips Curve and Underlying Inflation

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  • Mio, Hitoshi

    (Institute for Monetary & Econ Studies, Bank of Japan)

Abstract

This paper examines methods of controlling the supply shock in the estimation of the Phillips curve and discusses the relationship between the supply shock and inflation inertia. The empirical results clearly show that controlling the supply shock effect, not only for current inflation but also for lagged inflation using the asymmetry of the price change distribution, substantially outperforms the traditional method in terms of the robustness to alternative lag specifications, predictive power, and parameter stability for changes in the estimation period, which are the essential properties for the practical use of the Phillips curve. These results suggest that (1) because supply shocks hit broad sectors, it is not appropriate to restrict the proxy for the supply shock to the relative price changes of a fixed commodity basket; and (2) the inflation inertia corresponds to the underlying inflation from which the supply shock effect has been eliminated.

Suggested Citation

  • Mio, Hitoshi, 2001. "The Phillips Curve and Underlying Inflation," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 19(2), pages 85-107, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ime:imemes:v:19:y:2001:i:2:p:85-107
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    File URL: http://www.imes.boj.or.jp/research/papers/english/me19-2-4.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Hiroshi Fujiki & Howard J. Wall, 2006. "Controlling for geographic dispersion when estimating the Japanese Phillips curve," Working Papers 2006-057, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    2. Diego Moccero & Shingo Watanabe & Boris Cournède, 2011. "What Drives Inflation in the Major OECD Economies?," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 854, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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