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Are fertility decisions in Turkey affected by infant mortality and income?


  • Özlem YILMAZ

    (ODTU isletme bolumu)

  • Uğur SOYTAŞ

    (ODTU isletme bolumu)


The purpose of the study is to analyze the relation between infant mortality rates, fertility rates, and income in an emerging economy, namely Turkey. We use infant mortality, fertility rates, and per capita Gross Domestic Product data for utilizing Toda and Yamamoto procedure for an analysis different from previous studies. The fertility and infant mortality rates are found to be related in the literature. However, for a developing country, like Turkey, we found neutrality between the two rates. Our results provide evidence in favor of a negative link between per capita real income and fertility rates. However, higher income levels seem to be improving the forecasts of infant mortality rates. This may have implications for future research.

Suggested Citation

  • Özlem YILMAZ & Uğur SOYTAŞ, 2012. "Are fertility decisions in Turkey affected by infant mortality and income?," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 27(310), pages 39-52.
  • Handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:27:y:2012:i:310:p:39-52

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Fertility rate; Infant mortality rate; Income; Cointegration;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes


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