IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Leverage Behavior of Turkish Banks: How Did They Escape The Global Crisis?


  • Ahmet ÇALIŞKAN

    (Fatih Üniversitesi)


In this paper, we attempt to explain how the Turkish financial system emerged from the global crisis with little or no damage by comparing it with the US. We focus on banks’ historical leverage ratios. The overall leverage ratio of the Turkish banking system is lower than the US especially after the 2001 crisis. Bank-level panel regressions using both annual and quarterly data covering 1994-2009 period reveal that similar to US banks, Turkish banks adjust leverage procyclically. That is, they increase (decrease) leverage when their balance sheets expand (contract). Although procyclical leverage could be destabilizing, we find that Turkish banks exhibit a quantitatively smaller degree of leverage growth compared to US. We also find that tight regulatory and supervisory reforms implemented in Turkey after the 2001 crisis significantly reduced leverage growth. This is in contrast with the financial deregulation trend in the US in the years before the global crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahmet ÇALIŞKAN, 2011. "Leverage Behavior of Turkish Banks: How Did They Escape The Global Crisis?," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 26(307), pages 75-104.
  • Handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:26:y:2011:i:307:p:75-104

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item


    Global Financial Crisis; Leverage; Turkish Banking System;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:26:y:2011:i:307:p:75-104. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ali Bilge). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.