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What do we know about the black economy?


  • Andrew Dilnot

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies and University of Oxford)

  • C. N. Miller


Much interest has recently been expressed in the scope and growth of the black economy, and several estimates of its size have been presented, which invariably receive wide coverage in the press and elsewhere. Almost without exception, this discussion seeks to convey the impression that the black economy is large and growing, and that it raises major issues for tax policy and economic management. The purpose of this article is to inject a note of scepticism into the arguement.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Dilnot & C. N. Miller, 1981. "What do we know about the black economy?," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 2(1), pages 58-73, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ifs:fistud:v:2:y:1981:i:1:p:58-73

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mervyn A. King, 1983. "The Distribution of Gains and Losses from Changes in the Tax Treatment of Housing," NBER Chapters,in: Behavioral Simulation Methods in Tax Policy Analysis, pages 109-138 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Callan, Tim, 1991. "Property Tax: Principles and Policy Options," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number PRS12.
    3. John Hills & Holly Sutherland, 1991. "The proposed Council Tax," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 12(4), pages 1-21, November.
    4. McClements, L. D., 1977. "Equivalence scales for children," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 191-210, October.
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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Armagan Tuna Aktuna Gunes, 2015. "Domestic activity patterns pertaining to households and informality in Turkey," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01161874, HAL.
    2. Philippe Adair, 2012. "The Non-Observed Economy in the European Union Countries (EU-15): A Comparative Analysis of Estimates," Chapters,in: Tax Evasion and the Shadow Economy, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. George M. Georgiou, 2007. "Measuring the Size of the Informal Economy: A Critical Review," Working Papers 2007, Central Bank of Cyprus.
    4. Colin C. Williams, 2014. "Confronting the Shadow Economy," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 15370.
    5. Laura Blow & Ian Preston, 2002. "Deadweight loss and taxation of earned income: evidence from tax records of the UK self-employed," IFS Working Papers W02/15, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    6. Andrey Zahariev, 2000. "Tax Evasion and Tax Fraud – Theoretical Models and Fiscal Decisions," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 103-124.
    7. repec:hal:journl:halshs-01161874 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lackó, Mária, 1995. "Rejtett gazdaság nemzetközi összehasonlításban
      [Hidden economy by international comparison - A method of estimation based on the bouseholds' energy consumption]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 486-510.
    9. Philippe Adair, 2009. "Économie non observée et emploi informel dans les pays de l'Union européenne. Une comparaison des estimations et des déterminants," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(5), pages 1117-1153.
    10. Colin C. Williams & Friedrich Schneider, 2016. "Measuring the Global Shadow Economy," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 16551.
    11. Hana Zídková, 2012. "Discussion of Methods for Estimating the Shadow Economy," Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2012(6), pages 3-17.
    12. Emilio Albi Ibáñez, 1988. "Elusión y evasión fiscales (La investigación económica)," Documentos de trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales 88-27, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.
    13. Tedds, Lindsay, 2005. "The Underground Economy in Canada," MPRA Paper 4229, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Chris Bajada, 1999. "Confidence Intervals for the Underground Economy in Australia," Working Paper Series 91, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    15. M. Ali Kemal, 2003. "Underground Economy and Tax Evasion in Pakistan A Critical Evaluation," PIDE-Working Papers 2003:184, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    16. Armagan Tuna Aktuna-Gunes, 2015. "Domestic activity patterns pertaining to households and informality in Turkey," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 15018, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.

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