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The Effective Tax Burden of Companies and of Highly Skilled Manpower: Tax Policy Strategies in a Globalised Economy

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  • Christina Elschner
  • Lothar Lammersen
  • Michael Overesch
  • Robert Schwager

Abstract

Company taxes and taxes on highly skilled labour both influence the attractiveness of a particular region as a location for investment. We measure the effective tax burden on capital investment and on highly qualified labour in 33 locations across Europe and the United States. We then correlate both types of tax burden in order to study the different tax policy strategies applied in different countries. We find that effective tax rates on companies and on highly skilled employees are closely correlated for a number of countries. Ireland and most new EU Member States impose relatively lower taxes on capital investment than on highly skilled manpower. Conversely, in the US, companies are taxed heavily but the effective tax rate on highly skilled employees is moderate. Copyright Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2006.

Suggested Citation

  • Christina Elschner & Lothar Lammersen & Michael Overesch & Robert Schwager, 2006. "The Effective Tax Burden of Companies and of Highly Skilled Manpower: Tax Policy Strategies in a Globalised Economy," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 27(4), pages 513-534, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ifs:fistud:v:27:y:2006:i:4:p:513-534
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    Cited by:

    1. De Laet, Jean-Pierre & Wöhlbier, Florian, 2008. "Tax burden by economic function A comparison for the EU Member States," MPRA Paper 14761, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Voßmerbäumer, Jan & Wagner, Franz W., 2013. "Steuerwirkungen betrieblicher Entgeltpolitik," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 144, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
    3. Thiess Buettner & Georg Wamser, 2009. "The impact of nonprofit taxes on foreign direct investment: evidence from German multinationals," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(3), pages 298-320, June.
    4. Monika Lewandowska-Kalina & Lech Kalina, 2014. "Labor tax and relative cost of R&D," Applied Econometrics Papers, Department of Applied Econometrics, Warsaw School of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 1-19.

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