IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

What to stabilize in the open economy

Listed author(s):
  • Valerie R. Bencivenga

    (University of Texas at Austin)

  • Elisabeth Huybens

    (World Bank)

  • Bruce D. Smith

    (University of Texas at Austin)

We consider the question how "best" to maintain price-level stability in an open economy, and evaluate three possible policy choices: (a) a constant money growth rate rule; (b) a fixed exchange rate; and (c) a policy of explicit commitment to a price-level target. In each case we assume that policy is conducted by injecting reserves into or withdrawing reserves from the "banking system." In evaluating the three regimes, we adopt the criterion that the "best" policy should leave the least scope for indeterminacy and "excessive" economic volatility. In a steady-state equilibrium, the choice of regime is largely irrelevant; any steady-state equilibrium under one regime can be duplicated by an appropriate choice of the "control" variable under any other regime. However, we show that the "sets of equilibria" under the three regimes are dramatically different. When all countries follow the policy of fixing a constant rate of money growth, there are no equilibria displaying endogenously arising volatility and there is no indeterminacy of equilibrium. Under a regime of fixed exchange rates, indeterminacies and endogenously arising fluctuations are impossible if and only if the country with the low "reserve-to-deposit" ratio is charged with maintaining the fixed rate. Finally, when one country targets the time path of its price level, under very weak conditions, there will be indeterminacy of equilibrium and endogenously arising volatility driven by expectations. Copyright 2002 by the Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: Free access to full text is restricted to Ingenta subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association in its journal International Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 43 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 1289-1307

in new window

Handle: RePEc:ier:iecrev:v:43:y:2002:i:4:p:1289-1307
Contact details of provider: Postal:
160 McNeil Building, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297

Phone: (215) 898-8487
Fax: (215) 573-2057
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

Order Information: Web: Email:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ier:iecrev:v:43:y:2002:i:4:p:1289-1307. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing)

or ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.