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Seasonal adjustment with 'bad' neural networks: a case of benign underfitting


  • Bruce Curry
  • Peter H. Morgan


This paper is a response to reports by a number of authors of difficulties in using feedforward neural networks (NNs) in the presence of seasonality. Such difficulties appear to contradict the well-known property of 'universal approximation', but arise in fact because the property only applies to suitably smooth functions. We report on what is an unexpected benefit of this limitation of NNs: although the network is unable to follow seasonal movements it can identify an underlying trend, through being forced to steer a middle course. We achieve such deseasonalisation through network pruning, which restricts the approximation capacity of the network by depriving it of connections. Although pruning is in general motivated by the search for the most parsimonious network, in our particular context it forces the network to ignore both seasonal movements and noise.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruce Curry & Peter H. Morgan, 2010. "Seasonal adjustment with 'bad' neural networks: a case of benign underfitting," International Journal of Applied Management Science, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(4), pages 335-350.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:injams:v:2:y:2010:i:4:p:335-350

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    2. Halkos, George & Salamouris, Dimitrios, 2001. "Efficiency Measures of the Greek Banking Sector: A Non-Parametric Approach for the Period 1997-1999," MPRA Paper 2858, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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