IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Profiling women business founders from opportunity and necessity orientations: a multinational assessment


  • Dafna Kariv


The aim of this study was to provide clearer insight into gender differences in entrepreneurial orientations – necessity/opportunity – and their effects on business success among business founders. Founders from 13 countries were sampled for this study. Results showed insignificant differences between the genders in opportunity orientations, suggesting that both genders embark on entrepreneurship due to the benefits they foresee from this course of action. Necessity orientations emerged for both genders as significantly and negatively affecting business success, and opportunity-driven factors were found to positively and significantly affect business success. Inclusion of human capital and family background moderated the negative effects of necessity orientations on business success for WF but did not significantly enhance the positive effect of the opportunity-driven orientations. We observed that the orientations crystallized in WF's business success, and argue that these embody the filtered, culture-free orientations that should guide education, training and assistance for entrepreneurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Dafna Kariv, 2010. "Profiling women business founders from opportunity and necessity orientations: a multinational assessment," International Journal of Transitions and Innovation Systems, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 1(1), pages 59-81.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijtisy:v:1:y:2010:i:1:p:59-81

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ids:ijtisy:v:1:y:2010:i:1:p:59-81. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Carmel O'Grady). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.