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Environmental Kuznets Curves for Greenhouse Gas emissions. Evidence from Italy using National Accounts Matrix including Environmental Accounts and provincial panel data


  • Massimiliano Mazzanti
  • Anna Montini
  • Roberto Zoboli


This article provides a new empirical evidence on delinking and Environmental Kuznets Curves (EKC) for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in Italy. Two panel datasets – sector disaggregated National Accounts Matrix including Environmental Accounts emissions (1990–2001) and geographically disaggregated emissions at provincial level (1990–2000) – are analysed. We find mixed evidence supporting the EKC hypothesis. EKC evidence is present for GHGs when focusing on production activities, while the picture changes, in particular for CO2, when analysing the economy as a whole, including private activities. As expected, aggregate trends hide heterogeneous sectoral dynamics to a large extent. From a policy perspective, the investigation highlights that the reduction in GHG emissions in Italy in recent years has been driven largely by production activities, especially industry, which may have been responding to or anticipating environmental regulation. Nevertheless, the absence of any real decoupling in the economy as a whole is probably linked to inefficiencies in the household sector, especially transport, where not even a relative delinking has occurred, which seems to point to the need for incremental efforts towards higher efficiency and stronger regulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Massimiliano Mazzanti & Anna Montini & Roberto Zoboli, 2008. "Environmental Kuznets Curves for Greenhouse Gas emissions. Evidence from Italy using National Accounts Matrix including Environmental Accounts and provincial panel data," International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(4), pages 392-424.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijgenv:v:8:y:2008:i:4:p:392-424

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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Modica & Roberto Zoboli & Elena Pagliarino, 2017. "Mapping the environmental pressure due to economic factors. The case of Italian coastal municipalities," Argomenti, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics, vol. 8(8), pages 1-33, September.
    2. Azad Haider & Muhammad Iftikhar ul Husnain & Wimal Rankaduwa & Farzana Shaheen, 2021. "Nexus between Nitrous Oxide Emissions and Agricultural Land Use in Agrarian Economy: An ARDL Bounds Testing Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(5), pages 1-19, March.


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